The Ego Pages 






On Ego

Confucius said: "I am not bothered by the fact that I am unknown. I am bothered when I do not know others."

Confucius said: "I don't worry abut not having a good position; I worry about the means I use to gain position. I don't worry about being unknown; I seek to be known in the right way."

Confucius in 'Analects'



On the superior man

Tzu Kung asked about the character of the Superior Man. Confucius said, "First he practices what he preaches and then he follows it."

Confucius in 'Analects'




On Holism

Confucius said: "The Superior Man is all-embracing and not partial. The inferior man is partial and not all-embracing."

Confucius in 'Analects'




On Study

Confucius said: "To study and not think is a waste. To think and not study is dangerous."


"Study as if you have not reached your goal--as if you were afraid of losing what you have."

Confucius in 'Analects'



Confucian values

The Master taught four things: Culture, correct action, loyalty and trust.

Confucius in 'Analects'



Right action

Confucius said: "Be aroused by poetry; structure yourself with propriety, refine yourself with music."

"Be of unwavering good faith and love learning. Be steadfast unto death in pursuit of the good Tao. Do not enter a state which is in peril, nor reside in one which people have rebelled. When the Tao prevails in the world, then show yourself. When it does not, then hide. When the Tao prevails in your own state, to be poor and obscure is a disgrace. But when the Tao does not prevail in your own state, to be rich and honored is a disgrace."

Confucius in 'Analects'




nature of attainment:

There were four things the master had eliminated from himself: imposing his will, arbitrariness, stubbornness and egotism.

Confucius in 'Analects'


On sex

Confucius said: "I have never seen one who loves virtue as much as he loves sex."

Confucius in 'Analects'





When he entered the great ancestral temple, he asked about every detail.

(and explained that that questioning was the ritual)

Confucius in 'Analects'




on the spirit

"If you can't yet serve men, how can you serve the spirits?"

Confucius in 'Analects'




About the meaning of Jen.

The Master said, "To completely overcome selfishness and keep to propriety is jen. If for a full day you can overcome selfishness and keep to propriety, everyone in the world will return to jen.

Confucius in 'Analects'





"One who does not experience the permeation of slander and who is not agitated by accusations can certainly be called 'enlightened.' Indeed, such a person may be called 'transcendent.'"

Confucius in 'Analects'



Unity of essence and function

Refinement is substance

Tzu Kung in 'Analects'





Confucius replied saying: "To 'govern' means to 'rectify.'

Confucius in 'Analects'





Zan Yu said, "Once there are so many people, what should be done?"

"Enrich them," said the Master.

"Once they are enriched, what next?"

"Educate them."

Confucius in 'Analects'



"If you can correct yourself, what problem will you have in governing? If you can't correct yourself, how can you correct others?"

Confucius in 'Analects'



Riches &poverty

Confucius said: "To be poor without resentment is difficult. To be rich without arrogance is easy."

Confucius in 'Analects'



About modern scientists

"The ancient scholars studied for their own improvement. Modern scholars study to impress others."

Confucius in 'Analects' 14:25




About being unknown

Confucius said: "I don't worry about being unknown. I worry about my lack of ability."

Confucius in 'Analects' 14:32




Being understood

Confucius said: "Aah! No one understands me!"

Tzu Kung said, "What do you mean, 'No one understands you'?"

Confucius said, "I have no resentment against Heaven, no quarrel with men. I study from the bottom and penetrate to the top. Who understands me? Heaven does!"

Confucius in 'Analects' 14:37




"Expect much from yourself and little from others and you will avoid incurring resentments."

Confucius in 'Analects' 15:14



"The Superior Man takes Righteousness as the essence. He actualizes it through propriety, demonstrates it in humility, develops it by truthfulness. This is the Superior Man!"

Confucius in 'Analects' 15:17



"The Superior Man seeks within himself. The inferior man seeks within others."

Confucius in 'Analects' 15:20





"The Superior Man does not promote a man because of his words, and does not disregard the words because of the man."

Confucius in 'Analects' 15:22




Values of Yen

Tzu Chang asked Confucius about jen. Confucius said, "If you can practice these five things with all the people, you can be called jen."

Tzu Chang asked what they were.

Confucius said, "Courtesy, generosity, honesty, persistence, and kindness. If you are courteous, you will not be disrespected; if you are generous, you will gain everything. If you are honest, people will rely on you. If you are persistent you will get results. If you are kind, you can employ people."

Confucius in 'Analects' 17:6




Do a Job

"After you have accomplished your job, then study. After you have accomplished your studies, then get a job."

Tzu Hsia in 'Analects' 19:1

The perfect Man
He may be compared to Heaven and Earth in their supporting and containing, their overshadowing and curtaining, all things. He may be compared to the four seasons in their alternating progress, and to the sun and moon in their successive shining.  

Confucius in  Doctrine of the mean XXX

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